Data Types

All data is sent and received as JSON.

Output

boolean
native

"known_error": true

custom fields
array of hashes: each hash has keys id and value
    "custom_fields": [
      {"id": "first_name", "value": "Howard"},
      {"id": "last_name", "value": "Tanner"}
    ]
date
string: yyyy-mm-dd

"start_date": "2011-06-24"

datetime
string: yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm

"start_at": "2010-12-30T23:00"

ISO 8601 format, with a minutes resolution, without timezone.

decimal
string: number with decimals, separated by a dot (.)

"cost_per_hour": "120.5"

duration
integer: with resolution in minutes

"response_target": 240

enum
string: one of the options defined for the enumeration

"status": "registered"

float
native

"rate": 3.2313

integer
native

"nr_of_cores": 3

null
native: all blank fields are included as null instead of being omitted

"solved_at": null

reference
hash: composed of multiple values, or null if the reference is not filled out

"team": {"id": 12, "name": "Service Desk"} "team": null

string, text
native

"name": "Windows for Sales Tracking Production"

timestamp
string: yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm:ssZ

"completed_at": "2010-01-05T23:00:00Z"

ISO 8601 format, with a seconds resolution, with timezone.

time of day
string: hh:mm

"time_from": "08:30"

In military format. 00:00 = midnight at the start of the day, 12:00 = noon, 24:00 = midnight at the end of the day

time zone
string: one of the time zones defined in the enumeration

"time_zone": "Central Time (US & Canada)"

Input

attachments
An array of references to uploaded file attachments
boolean
truthy values are true, t, TRUE, T, 1, falsy values are anything else, like: false, f, FALSE, F, 0

?known_error=true

enum
one of the options defined for the enumeration

?status=registered

date
yyyy-mm-dd

?start_date=2011-06-24

datetime
yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm

?start_at=2010-12-30T23:00

ISO 8601 format (with a minutes resolution, without timezone)

decimal, float
any number with decimals, separated by a dot (.)

?rate=3.2313

duration
integer: with resolution in minutes

?response_target=150

Alternatively it accepts a string in the format hhh:mm, for example:

?response_target=2:30

integer
any integer (0, 1, 2, …)

?nr_of_cores=3

null
all blank fields should be omitted from the input
reference
the id of the referenced resource, always append _id to the field name

?team_id=12

string, text
any value

?name=Windows%20for%20Sales%20Tracking%20Production

timestamp
yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm:ssZ

?completed_at=2010-01-05T23:00:00Z

ISO 8601 format (with a seconds resolution, with timezone)

time of day
hh:mm

?time_from=08:30

In military format. 00:00 = midnight at the start of the day, 12:00 = noon, 24:00 = midnight at the end of the day

time zone
any valid time zone identifier listed in one of the following sources:

Time zone values from the Time Zone Database are mapped onto the enumeration of time zones in 4me by their UTC offset.

?time_zone=Europe/Amsterdam

References

A reference to another resource is composed of one or more of the following fields.

Note: In the input, use only the id of the referenced resource and append _id to the field name, e.g. ?team_id=12.

ID

All references contain an id property with which the details of the resource can be retrieved using a separate API call.

Note that when a record is opened in the 4me user interface, the id can be found in the Address bar of the browser. It is the unique identifier at the end of the URL. The id of an account can be found in the user interface by going to the Account Overview section of the Settings console.

For aggregated references (arrays of ~) an id is not returned. Instead, all available fields are contained in aggregated references so that an id is not needed.

Display Properties

The reference will always contain the properties necessary to display the (list of) reference(s) to the end-user. In most cases this will expose the name and/or subject properties, but there are some exceptions like label for Configuration Item references.

Account

When the account of the referenced resource is different from the account of the authenticated user, the account reference will be provided. The account field is itself a reference and will always only show name and id. The name is intended as a display property for the end-user. The id can be used to switch to that account if appropriate, see Multiple Accounts.

If a resource or reference to a resource does not expose an account field, the account of the resource is equal to the account of the authenticated user.

The following example shows a request that is completed by a member of the Service Desk team from a different account (Virtual Support).

 $ curl -H "Authorization: Bearer <oauth-token>" https://api.4me.com/v1/requests/70384
Status: 200 OK
{
  "id": 70384,
  "status": "completed",
  "service_instance": {
    "name": "Time Off Request Production",
    "id": 97
  },
  "team": {
    "name": "Service Desk",
    "account": {
      "name": "VirtualSupport",
      "id": "virtualsupport"
    },
    "id": 2
  },
  "member": {
    "name": "Krish Hanuang",
    "account": {
      "name": "VirtualSupport",
      "id": "virtualsupport"
    },
    "id": 16
  }
}

Not all request fields are shown above to keep the example simple.

Source ID

When references to resources with a Source ID are retrieved from the API, the sourceID field will always be provided.

 $ curl -H "Authorization: Bearer <oauth-token>" https://api.4me.com/v1/requests?per_page=1
Status: 200 OK
[
  {
    "subject": "NewRequest",
    "category": "compliment",
    "status": "assigned",
    "sourceID": "N1C3AP1"
  }
]

Not all request fields are shown above to keep the example simple.

See source for more information on the usage of the sourceID field.

Disabled

In case a referenced resource is disabled, the disabled: true property will be provided. When a referenced resource is enabled, the disabled property is omitted.

 $ curl -H "Authorization: Bearer <oauth-token>" https://api.4me.com/v1/services/23
Status: 200 OK
{
  "id": 23,
  "name": "Short Term Production Planner",
  "created_at": "2016-03-10T02:05:27-06:00",
  "updated_at": "2016-03-10T02:10:51-06:00",
  "sourceID": null,
  "support_team": {
    "name": "Application Development",
    "id": 7
  },
  "provider": {
    "name": "Widget Data Center, External IT",
    "id": 30,
    "disabled": true
  }
}

Attachments

Various rich text fields in 4me can hold attachments. They may contain inline image or video files, and some of them can have attachments listed externally, in which case in the 4me UI these are displayed at the bottom of the text represented with a paperclip in front of each attachment.

Adding attachments and inline image or video files to rich text fields is a three-step process:

  1. Get access to the 4me storage facility
  2. Upload the files
  3. Add references to the uploaded files to a rich text field

These steps are explained in more detail hereunder for a scenario where a request is created with an attachment linked to the first note. For this example you will need a Personal Access Token with Create access to Requests.

Remarks:

Step 1. Get access to the 4me storage facility

 $ curl -H "Authorization: Bearer <oauth-token>" \
        -H "X-4me-Account: <accountID>" \
        -X GET \
        "https://api.4me.com/v1/attachments/storage"

The response will contain the storage upload details:

Status: 200 OK
{
  "size_limit": 2147483648,
  "allowed_extensions": [
    "csv",
    "gif",
    "png",
    "log",
    "pdf"
  ],
  "provider": "s3",
  "upload_uri": "https://4me.s3-accelerate.dualstack.amazonaws.com/",
  "s3": {
    "acl": "private",
    "key": "attachments/5/.../${filename}",
    "policy": "eyJ...V19",
    "success_action_status": 201,
    "x-amz-algorithm": "AWS4-HMAC-SHA256",
    "x-amz-credential": "AKIA...aws4_request",
    "x-amz-date": "20201115T000000Z",
    "x-amz-server-side-encryption": "AES256",
    "x-amz-signature": "5a0...ae5"
  }
}

In an on-premise environment the storage upload details might look like this instead:

Status: 200 OK
{
  "size_limit": 20971520,
  "allowed_extensions": [
    "csv",
    "gif",
    "png",
    "log",
    "pdf"
  ],
  "provider": "local",
  "upload_uri": "https://api.example.com/v1/attachments",
  "local": {
    "key": "attachments/5/.../${filename}",
    "x-4me-expiration": "2020-11-30T02:18:17Z",
    "x-4me-signature": "6dd...d0f"
  }
}

Step 2. Upload the files

Upload the actual file(s) to the 4me storage facility. Post the file(s) to the value presented in upload_uri, and post all parameter presented in the s3 or local scope, preceded by the Content-Type of the file, and provide the file data last. For example:

 $ curl -F "Content-Type=plain/text" \
        -F "acl=private" \
        -F "key=attachments/5/.../\${filename}" \
        -F "policy=eyJ...V19" \
        -F "success_action_status=201" \
        -F "x-amz-algorithm=AWS4-HMAC-SHA256" \
        -F "x-amz-credential=AKIA...aws4_request" \
        -F "x-amz-date=20201115T000000Z" \
        -F "x-amz-server-side-encryption=AES256" \
        -F "x-amz-signature=5a0...ae5" \
        -F "file=@helloworld.txt" \
        "https://4me.s3-accelerate.dualstack.amazonaws.com/"

Or, in an on-premise environment:

 $ curl -H "Authorization: Bearer <token>" \
        -H "X-4me-Account: <accountID>" \
        -F "Content-Type=plain/text" \
        -F "key=attachments/5/.../\${filename}" \
        -F "x-4me-expiration=2020-11-30T02:18:17Z" \
        -F "x-4me-signature=6dd...d0f" \
        -F "file=@helloworld.txt" \
        "https://api.example.com/v1/attachments"

Remarks:

The response from the above command might look like this:

Status: 201 Created
  <?xml version="1.0"?>
  <PostResponse>
    <Location>https://4me.s3-accelerate.dualstack.amazonaws.com/attachments%2F5%2F2020%2F11%2F15%2F6%2F1605413834-431xxxc1be%%2Fhelloworld.txt</Location>
    <Bucket>4me</Bucket>
    <Key>attachments/5/2020/11/15/6/1605413834-431xxxcc1be/helloworld.txt</Key>
    <ETag>"9008d115b2d05a7ca6b495fd0cb998df"</ETag>
  </PostResponse>

Or, in an on-premise environment:

Status: 200 OK
{
  "key": "attachments/5/.../helloworld.txt"
}

Step 3. Add references to the uploaded files to a note

Create the new request and add all attachments in the note_attachments parameter:

 $ curl -H "Authorization: Bearer <token>" \
        -H "X-4me-Account: <accountID>" \
        -X POST \
        -d '{
          "requested_for_id": 51,
          "subject": "Test",
          "category": "other",
          "note": "Attachment test",
          "note_attachments": [ {"key": "attachments/5/.../helloworld.txt", "filesize": "16"} ]
        }' \
        "https://api.4me.com/v1/requests"

Remarks:

Inline attachments

To add an inline attachment to a rich text field the same process as described above is followed, except in the last step the attachment needs to be marked as inline, and a reference needs to be added within the rich text field using the special markdown syntax: ![](<key>). For example:

 $ curl -H "Authorization: Bearer <token>" \
        -H "X-4me-Account: <accountID>" \
        -X POST \
        -d '{
          "requested_for_id": 51,
          "subject": "Test",
          "category": "other",
          "note_attachments": [ {"key": "attachments/5/.../helloworld.txt", "inline": true, "filesize": "16"} ],
          "note": "This is an inline attachment ![](attachments/5/.../helloworld.txt)"
        }' \
        "https://api.4me.com/v1/requests"


Tip: Using the 4me SDK ruby API client can make the process to upload attachments easier.